UNIVERSITY OF LINCOLN SHOTOKAN KARATE      

             

 

 

Basic terminology

 


age

 

rising (age uke, rising block)

ashi barai

 

leg sweep

choku zuki

 

straight punch

chudan

 

abdomen (choku zuki chudan, straight punch to abdomen)

dachi

 

stance (zenkutsu dachi, front stance)

dan

 

level of black belt 

dojo

 

training area 

empi

 

elbow (empi uchi, elbow strike) 

fumikomi

 

stamping kick

gedan

 

lower body area (gedan barai, block to the lower body area)

gi

 

training suit

geri

 

kick (mai geri, front kick) 

gyaku

 

reverse (gyaku zuki, reverse punch)

haito

 

ridgehand (haito uchi, ridgehand strike)

hajime

 

begin

heian kata

 

group of five basic katas (heian shodan, first basic kata in the heian group)

jodan

 

head and neck area (oi zuki jodan, stepping punch to the head or neck)

jiyu ippon kumite

 

one-step semi-freestyle sparring

juji uke

 

x block

jiyu kumite 

 

freestyle sparring

kamae

 

ready position 

karate

 

empty hand

karateka

 

practitioner of karate

kata

 

form or formal exercise 

keage

 

snap kick (yoko geri keage, snap kick to the side)

kekomi

 

thrust (yoko geri kekomi, thrust kick to the side)

ki

 

power of the spirit

KIAI

 

a martial shout, to unite body and spirit

kiba dachi

 

horse riding / straddle stance

kihon

 

basic (kihon kumite, basic sparring)

kizami zuki

 

jab punch 

kokutsu dachi

 

back stance 

kumite

 

sparring

kyu

 

level below black belt

mae geri

 

front kick 

mawashi

 

roundhouse (mawashi geri, roundhouse kick)

mawate

 

turn

mika

 

crescent (mika geri, crescent kick) 

mokusu

 

meditation

morote

 

two-handed (morote uke, two-handed block)

nukite

 

spear hand 

obi

 

belt

oi zuki

 

stepping or lunge punch

osae uke

 

pressing block

otoshi

 

downward (otoshi empi uchi, downward elbow strike) 

rei

 

bow for courtesy and respect 

seiza

 

kneeling or meditating position

sensei

 

teacher

shuto

 

knife hand (shuto uke, knife hand block)

soto uke

 

block from the outside moving inward

tate

 

upward (tate shuto uke, vertical upward knife hand block)

te

 

hand

teisho

 

palm heel (teisho uke, palm heel block)

tettsui

 

bottom fist (tettsui uchi, bottom fist strike)

tsuki

 

punching

uchi

 

strike (shuto uchi, knife hand strike, uchi ude uke inside forearm block)

ude

 

forearm

uke

 

block (soto uke, outside block)

uraken

 

backfist

ushiro

 

back, rear (ushiro geri, kick behind)

yama zuki

 

u punch

yame

 

stop

yoi

 

be ready

yoko

 

side (yoko empi uchi, side elbow strike, yoko geri, side kick)

zenkutsu dachi

 

forward or front stance

 

Basic techniques

age uke

gedan barai

oi zuki jodan

shuto uke

 

Numbers

 

Ichi

One

Ni

Two

San

Three

Chi

Four

Go

Five

Roku

Six

Shichi

Seven

Hachi

Eight

Ku

Nine

Ju

Ten

 

     Grade

     Belt

     Beginner

    

      White

     9th kyu

     Orange

     8th kyu

     Red

     7th kyu

     Yellow

     6th kyu

     Green

     5th kyu

     Purple

     4th kyu

     Purple/White

     3rd kyu

     Brown

     2nd kyu

     Brown/White

     1st kyu

  Brown/White/White

     Shodan

     Black

     Nidan

     Black

     Sandan

     Black

     Yondan

     Black

     Godan

     Black

      

                                                                                  Website content University of Lincoln Shotokan Karate Club 2013